This course deals with the challenges of reaching common understanding of specifications and expectations when working with a high content of complex work. Different patterns and workflows are available and need to be deployed depending on context. Team members and stakeholders all need to be educated in this.

This ALL Specifications course takes the student through the basics of producing useful specifications. This includes using advanced narrative techniques to achieve common understanding and high recall factor of facts. A balance between structure and flexibility has to be constantly upheld. The course also gives a number of different workflows that be be deployed to secure a solid common understanding

Read the full description of the course here…

Learning Objectives

Agile Lean Leadership context

Understanding the foundational challenge of reaching common understanding of specifications when working in the complex domain.


Understanding how Agile Lean specifications rely on reaching common understanding through dialogue, not through detailed contracts. Have applicable knowledge of the various cognitive and psychological constraints that govern this process.

The toolbox

Apprehending a collection of patterns, tools, practices and templates that can facilitate this process. Understand the applicability of each.

Real life

Understanding how different visualization techniques can strengthen the cognitive and communicative process, and how such artifacts can keep the common understanding fixed on the same facts.

6 ALL – Specifications, Content

  • Basic specification theory – How can the wishes and requirements of stakeholders be transmitted to those delivering?
    • The case for using narratives for specification. User Stories and their practical use. Start with the “why”.
    • Reaching common understanding, the importance of verbal communication in this process.
    • Adding acceptance criteria, detailed scenarios.
    • Relevant metadata – Specifications carry extra information to help determine prioritization and course of action. Discussion of what is relevant.
    • A tactile exercise to try specify a delivery.
  • Workflows – Specifications need to be thoroughly formulated, refined and reviewed from different perspectives. 
    • A number of model workflows are presented and discussed to give the students a selection to choose from.
  • Decomposition of specifications – Specifications have to be broken down into manageable sizes so that implementation can be reasonably understood and estimated.
    • The storymap as the backbone of understanding and aggregation of metrics.
    • Different patterns for decomposition.
    • Minimal user value quality (marketable feature).
  • Estimation at large – Predictability is always a desired quality. Different methods for estimation of different things.
    • Estimation Poker, Magic Estimation, Buy a feature, keeping the references for estimation realistic.
    • Uncertainty, impact estimation, cost of delay.
    • Complexity estimation, special specifications for experiments and investigations.
    • Kano analysis, desirability of qualities.
  • Visualize and understand – Different ways to illustrate a solution and focus on common understanding.
    • Backlog in varying detail, Story map in detail. Storyboarding. Impact mapping.
    • Building a high level roadmap to focus everybody.
    • State event pattern, ways to illustrate.
    • Workflow for preparing specifications for action.

“Now, what is simplicity? Simplicity is the shortest path to a solution.” – Ward Cunningham

ALL Prices and Conditions

  • Each course is offered at an Early-Bird price of EUR 640, NOK/SEK 5,900 or DKK 4,750 when registering more than a month before the course date after that the prices are: EUR 720, NOK/SEK 6,600 or DKK 5,250.
  • Courses include meals, course material, certificate of participation, access to on-line resources and free participation in follow-up events for 2 years.
  • Participants can choose to pass an examination after each course. This consists of handing in a written assignment for review and assessment by the instructor and one independent instructor. The students will receive comments and a passed/failed note, grades are not given. The examination costs EUR 160, NOK/SEK 1.500 or DKK 1,200.
  • Registration via email at info@agileleanleadership.com, invoices are sent out from the organization arranging the training course. Payment has to be received before start of the course.
  • Cancellation policy: Registration can be cancelled up until 1 month before start of the course without any fees. Cancellation between 1 month and 2 weeks before course start is charged with 50% of the course fee. Cancellation the last 2 weeks before course start will be charged fully. Transfer to a later course can be negotiated, in case unforeseen circumstances appear.
  • For free events we kindly ask participants to register via email at info@agileleanleadership.com. Registration can be cancelled up to 24 hours before the event FOC. After that, a no-show fee of EUR 55, NOK/SEK 500 or DKK 400 will be invoiced.
  • The courses are also offered as internal, on-site courses for organizations and companies. Normally a minimum of 10 participants are required. If it has your interest please contact us for further discussion, via email here… or find the right contact person here…
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